This article, by regular legal-contributor Raymundo Larraín Nesbitt, summarises the taxes and fees a buyer can expect to pay when buying property in Spain today. Lawyer – Abogado 8th of July 2015 Introduction The idea behind this article is to keep it simple. If you want details on a particular matter, just follow the blue links to delve further. As a rule of thumb purchase costs add 10 – 15% over and above the purchase price. In some regions of Spain this figure may in fact be higher. I collate below the taxes and associated fees on buying. I will split my article distinguishing between three property types for tax purposes: New-build (or off-plan) Resale Commercial property Land Registry and Notary Public fees follow a sliding scale in relation to the declared value of a property, the number of pages in a deed and other factors I won’t go into. Examples: €100,000 property would attract Notary Public fees of €700 and Land Registry fees of €400. €250,000 property would attract Notary Public fees of €800 and Land Registry fees of €500. €1,000,000 property would attract Notary Public fees of €900 and Land Registry fees of €600. Be aware there are minor discrepancies from one region to the next as Spain’s seventeen Autonomous Communities have competence, within limits, over some taxes i.e. Property Transfer Tax (ITP) and Stamp Duty (AJD). Buyers should be aware of the Complementaria or ‘Bargain Hunter Tax’. It is a supplementary tax the seventeen regional Spanish Tax Offices levy on buying property as a result of today’s low real estate values. Take tailored legal advice on the region where you intend to buy. Request a full breakdown of taxes, fees and associated expenses. The tables below are a simplified approximation. I. New-Build or Off-Plan Property You can read further in my article Buying Off-Plan Property in Spain. II. Resale Property You can read further in my articles Buying Resale Property in Spain, Buying Distressed Property in Spain and How to Buy Rural Property in Spain. III. Commercial Property This includes storage rooms (trastero) and car parks (plaza de garaje) sold individually and legally separate from a dwelling. You can read further in my article How to Buy Commercial Property in Spain. Taxes on Selling Spanish Property I refer to my in-depth article Taxes on Selling Spanish Property for details. A seller is liable for two taxes: Capital Gains Tax and Plusvalía Tax. Additionally, following new regulation, a seller may be required to produce an Energy Performance Certificate (couple of hundred euros). I. Capital Gains Tax • Non-EU residents: 24% • E.E.A. or EU-residents: 20% (in 2016 this drops to 19%) II. Plusvalía Tax In most cases it is not significant, usually amounting to less than €1,000 but can be more in the case of villas with large plots of land. Post-Completion Taxes and Maintenance Upkeep Once you have purchased, you will face the associated running expenses. Make sure you have budgeted these expenses carefully so as to avoid unpleasant surprises! Some of the luxury gated communities with lush tropical gardens and beautiful infinity pools that dot the Spanish coastlines have pretty steep maintenance expenses (tallying several hundred euros a month!). The cadastral value of a property appears in your annual IBI tax invoice. 1. IBI tax: 0.4 – 1.1% of cadastral value per annum. 2. Garbage collection. 3. Community fees. 4. Imputed Income Tax: 0.22% – 0.48% of a property’s cadastral value per annum (for 2015). Distinction is made between EU and non-EU/EEA-residents as well as revised/unrevised cadastral values on calculating Imputed Income Tax. Revised cadastral values are those for properties acquired post 1994. a. EEA/EU-residents • Revised = 0.22% • Unrevised = 0.4% a. Non-EEA/EU-residents (rest of the world) • Revised = 0.26% • Unrevised =0.48% Conclusion Take thorough legal advice to budget your purchase carefully before you commit. Initial reservation contracts, that strike the property off the market, are normally non-refundable. So if finance fails the real estate agency and/or seller are entitled to withhold the initial reservation deposit unless specific wording is added to the reservation contract to safeguard against this event. Attaining finance from a lender should not be taken for granted. Spanish lenders are risk-averse these days and expect a non-resident buyer to come up with a 30 to 40% deposit. This will likely change in the near future, as credit begins to flow again, requiring smaller down payments from borrowers. I reiterate that buyers, in today’s market, should be aware of the Complementaria or ‘Bargain Hunter Tax’ so they do not get caught out by owing extra taxes post-completion. To close, we are in a buyer’s market. There is plenty of property to choose from so do not rush in or be pressurised to sign on the dotted line. Take your time to consider matters carefully and budget accordingly. And last my shameless plug; hire a good lawyer. “Lo bueno, si breve, dos veces bueno; y aun lo malo, si breve, no tan malo.” – Baltasar Gracián y Morales. Loosely translated as: “The good, if short, twice as good; and even the bad, if short, not so bad.” Baltasar Gracián y Morales, S.J., was a 17th century baroque prose writer and philosopher belonging to Spain’s Golden Age. Related articles How to Buy Property in Spain – Advice by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office Buying Distressed Property in Spain – 8th August 2011 Buying Resale Property in Spain – 21st February 2013 Escritura – Title Deeds FAQ – 8th June 2013 Nota Simple: What is it and how do you get one? – 8th June 2013 Buying Off-Plan Property in Spain – 8th of June 2013 Investor Guide to Spain’s Golden Visa Law – 8th November 2013 Bank Repossessions in Spain – 21st February 2014 Buying and Owning Spanish Property through Companies: Pros and Cons (Dispelling Spanish Inheritance Tax Myths) – 7th March 2014 How to Buy Commercial Property in Spain – 4th July 2014 How to Buy Rural Property in Spain – 8th August 2014 How to Buy Property in Spain Safely – 10th October 2014 Taxes on Selling Spanish Property – 8th December 2014 La Complementaria or ‘Bargain Hunter Tax’ – 8th May 2015 House Hunting in Spain – 17th June 2015. The New York Times Please note the information provided in this article is of general interest only and is not to be construed or intended as substitute for professional legal advice. This article may be posted freely in websites or other social media so long as the author is duly credited. Plagiarizing, whether in whole or in part, this article without crediting the author may result in criminal prosecution. VOV. 2015 © Raymundo Larraín Nesbitt. All rights reserved.
Source:: Spanish Property Insight